TET - ஆங்கிலம் பகுதிக்கான தகுதி தேர்வு வினாக்கள்

*  Tamil is a phonetic language.

*  English is a non phonetic language.


*  There are totally 44 sounds in English.

*  The frictions and vibrations of air at different places in our body produce the speech sounds.

*  There are 20 vowel sounds. ( Pure vowels –12, Diphthongs –8 )

*  There are 24 consonant sounds in English.

*  Consonants are classified into 6 plosives.

*  /p /, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, and /g/ are plosives.

*   /t? /, /d? / are affricates (2).

*  /m/, /n/, /? / are nasals (3)

*   /l/ is called lateral (1)

*   /f/, /v/, /?/, /ð/, /s/, /z/, /?/, /?/, /h/ are fricatives (9)

*   /r / is called frictionless continuant (1)

*   /j/, /w/ are semi-vowels (2)

*  Sounds produce with the vibration of vocal card are called voiced sounds.

*  Sounds do not produce vibration are called voice less sounds.

*  The letter 'r' is silent when it is not followed by a vowel sound.

*   /? / , / ? / , / ? /, / e / , / ? / , / æ / , / ? / are short vowels (7).

*  / ? : /, / i: /, / u: /, / ? : ? / , / ?: / are long vowels (5).

*   / ?: / is the longest vowel.

*   / ? / is the shortest vowel. This is called the ‘murmur’ vowel.

*  The combination of two sounds is called diphthongs (8).

*  A diphthong sound is also called a vowel - glide.

*  In phonetics the symbol are written within the slashes/ /.

*  There are no doubling of sounds in phonetics.

*   No capital letter like symbols are used in phonetics.

*  All the 20 vowels are voiced.

*  Reading is a composite of many specific abilities.

*  The four language skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing.

*  The 3 S's in reading are sight, sound and sense.

*  Sight is seeing the letter.

*  Sound is saying the sound/pronouncing the word.

*  Sense is the meaning of the word.

*  Eye voice span is useful in the development of silent reading.

*  Decoding means getting the meaning of the message.

*  In order to see, the pause which the eyes make are called fixations.

*  Inter fixation is the movement of eye from one fixation to another.

*  For a mature reader the inter fixation is 1/100 of a second.

*  Inter fixation is large for an immature reader.

*  The amount of reading during one fixation is called the span of recognition.

*  The backward movement of the eye is called regression.

*  Eye voice span is the forward sweep of the eye.

*  Eye voice span should be developed for a child from class 4.

*  The reading of word/minute for a 8 th standard student is 75 -100 words.

*  Five methods of teaching reading are 1.alphabetic method, 2.phonetic method, 3.look and say/word method, 4.sentence method, 5.electic method.

*  Alphabetic method is meant for spelling.

*  The phonetic method is meant for pronunciation.

*  The word method is also called look and say method.

*  The sentence method is also a look and say method.

*  Flash cards are used in word and sentence methods.

*  In sentence method the whole sentence is the minimum meaningful unit

*  Word and sentence method are meant for situational teaching.

*  Eclectic method is the combination of all the four methods.

*   Story telling is also have a place in eclectic method.

*   Writing is the most difficult language ability.

*   Writing is a productive skill.

*   Writing involves manipulating, structuring and communicating.

*   Appropriacy can be developed only through writing.

*   Legibility, fluency(speed), and beauty are the characteristic feature of good handwriting.

*   Writing is a solitary activity.

*   The four aspects of Italics letters are size, shape, slant and speed

*   d, f, p, t, x, y are two stroke letters all the other 20 are one stroke letters.

*   E, F, H, A are 3 stroke letters.

*   B,D,K,M,N,P,Q,R,T,X,Y are 2stroke letters.

*   C,G,I,J,L,O,S,U,V,W,Z are 1 stroke letters.

*  The letter "K" is silent when it is precedes by the letter "N".

*   Dictation helps to fix the spelling of word.

*  Spelling is best learned by visual perception.

*   Full stop is used after abbreviations.

*  Colon introduces a list or a speech of words.

*  Semicolon is used to separate two clauses.

*  comma is used to indicate a break between the clauses.

*  Dash is used to indicate a sharp break in a flow of thought in a sentence.

*  Spelling and pronunciations are the two aspects of dictations.

*  Writing is often regarded as the visual representation of speech.

*  Reading affects a pupil’s personality.

*  Reading is necessary for social adjustments.

*  Letter O is not round but elliptical.

*  All capital letters begins between lines 1 and 2.

*   "t" is the only small letter starts between lines 1 and 2.

*  The first set of grammarians belongs to the school of prescriptive grammar.

*  The second set of grammarians belongs to descriptive grammar.

*  The first set of grammar is called formal grammar.

*  The second set is functional grammar.

*  C.C.Fries is the founder of structural grammar.

*  T.G grammar is based on sentence.

*  Communicative grammar is the recent variety.

*  Communicative grammar is both functional and task based.

*  Noun is the name of person, places or thing.

*  Noun is the naming word.

*  The two main classes of noun are proper and common noun.

*  Common noun is divided into collective and abstract.

*  Proper noun are the special names given to persons, places, pets, rivers etc.

*  Common noun are the names common to all persons, places etc.

*  City and tree are common nouns.

*   Army, herd, family, team, crowd are collective nouns.

*   Abstract nouns are names of ideas, qualities, states, process and actions.

*   Music, happiness, misery, judgement, obedience are abstract nouns.

*   The nouns that can be counted are countable nouns.

*   Milk and intelligence are non countable nouns.

*   Countable nouns have plural forms.

*    uncountable nouns have no plural forms.

*   a/an are used with countable nouns.

*   a/an are not used with uncountable nouns.

*   Paper , wines are some nouns which can be used as both countable and uncountable.

*   Uncountab le noun has two classes material and abstract.

*   News, economics, innings are always used as singular noun.

*   Cattle, police, military are always used as plural noun.

*   "The" is the definite article.

*    "a" and "an" are indefinite article.

*    an M.P and an M.L.A.

*   The word which is used instead of a noun is called pronoun.

*   One is a personal pronoun.

*    Mine, ours, yours, his, hers, theirs are the six possessive pronouns.

*   Myself, our self are reflexive pronoun.

*   This, those, these, that are the demonstrative pronoun.

*    Each, every, either and neither are distributive pronoun.

*    Words which give more information about the noun are called adjective.

*   Descriptive, limiter and pronominal are the three types of adjectives.

*   Round belly, sour grapes, Indian scholar, Chemistry book are descriptive adjectives.

*   Same school, few choices and many problems are limiter adjectives.

*   Verb is an action word.

*   Verbs are divided into main verbs and auxillary verbs.

*   A main verb has 5 forms.

*   Auxiliary verbs are divided into primary and modal auxillaries.

*   There are thirty auxiliary verbs.

*   There are 8 be verbs.

*   There are 4 have verbs.

*   There are 5 do verbs.

*   The modal auxillaries are 13 in numbers.

*   Main verbs are classified into transitive and intransitive.

*   Intransitive verbs involves only the performer and the actions.

*   Verbs that has a direct object is known as transitive verbs.

*   The object which takes two objects are called are called ditransitive verbs.

*   Main verbs are divided into regular and irregular verbs.

*   MVed = MVen in regular verbs

*   MVed is not equal to MVen in irregular verbs.

*   Modals do not inflect.

*    Modals are followed by base forms only.

*   Modals can be used to form negatives and interrogatives.

*   Modals are used in question tags.

*   Adverb tells about a verb.

*   There are 8 types of adverbs.

*   English is a library language.

*    Rhymes helps children learn English pronunciation, rhythm and accent.

*   Systematic means a co - ordination between theory and practise.

*   Method is the overall means of achieving the general objectives of a course.

*   Translation method of grammar has no theory base.

*    Second language learning is the same as first language learning in Direct method.

*   The New method was introduced by Michael West.

*   The Lexical Selection Principle is used in New method.

*   The word having the same meaning of "state" is "plight".

*   The word having the same meaning of "way" is "mode".

*   The word having the same meaning of "island" is "isle".

*    Methods of teaching English are earlier method and later method.

*   Earlier method includes 1.Grammar translation method, 2.Direct method and 3.Dr.West's New method.

*   Lateral method includes structural, oral, situational, approach and communicative.

*    A variety of drills are employed in the structural approach.

*   The Grammar - Translation method insists on the knowledge of the rules of foreign grammar.

*   The Direct method never allows the use of mother tongue in teaching a second language.

*   Notions are categories of meanings such as time, duration, location and quantity.

*   Communicative approach is learner centred.

*    The sound groups themselves into syllables.

*    The extra force given to a syllable is called stress.

*   The syllable which gets the extra force is called stressed syllable.

*   'atlas is one syllable word.

*   de'velop is two syllable word.

*   Structural words and grammatical words are generally not stressed.

*   The short interval or stop in between the talk is called pause.

*   The group of words followed by the pause are called tone group/sense groups.

*   To mark a tone group an oblique line (/) is used.

*   The three major element of speech are sounds, stress and intonations.

*   When a pitch of voice raises, it is called rising intonations.

*   When a pitch of voice falls, it is called falling intonations.

*   Affirmative and negative statements get a falling tone at the end.

*   All Wh questions and information questions have a falling tone.

*   Commands and instructions have a falling tone.

*   Exclamations and greetings have a falling tone.

*   Question tags have a falling tone.

*   Verbal questions / yes or no questions have a rising tone at the end.

*   In choice questions or alternate questions rising - falling intonation is used.

*   Sentence having lists has a rising - falling intonations.

*   If there are clauses in a sentence, rising - falling intonation is used.

*   Intonations refers to the raising or lowering of the pitch of the voice forming pitch patterns.

*   The polite phrase "yes, but..." is preferred to the rude "No you are wrong" phrase.

*   The activity of giving instructions to draw pictures helps to talk precisely.

*   To develop fluency in narration story telling can be practised.

*   Note making is an essential skill that requires active listening and precise writing.

*   The early steps in developing the skills of speaking are

1.Describing of an object,

2.Describing a picture,

3.Working in groups and making presentations and

4.giving short talks on the simple familiar topics.
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